Carbonated water discovery and history

People have been enjoying carbonated water since 1767 when Joseph Priestley successfully invented a way of mixing water with carbon dioxide. He use to mix it with the help of a suspended bowl with the help of beer vat that he easily accessed with the help of a local brewery in a place known as Leeds in England. He filled the bowl with water and treats it with fixed air which is the air that is blanketing the fermenting beer. Fixed air is also used to kill mice that are suspended in it. He discovered that the resulting mixture taste better and started to offer it to his friends. He then decided to publish his discovery through a paper entitled “Impregnating Water with Fixed Air”. He explains to produce carbon dioxide with the use dripping oil of vitriol or also known as sulfuric acid into chalk. The resulting gas is then dissolved to agitated bowl of water and carbonated water is created.

It was not until 1740-1821 that the process of Joseph Priestley was developed in creating carbonated water by J.J Schweppe. This result to the creation of the Schweppes Company located in Geneva in 1783. Because of the great potential of the mixture many has followed and continue to improve the set up of creating a better carbonated water. Augustine Thwaites in 1799 created Soda water in Dublin. He was smart enough to be able to be the first one to get a patent and sell soda water. Not until Ányos Jedlik in 1800-1895 that the right tastes of soda water that is still popular today was discovered. His discovery resulted to building his factory located in Budapest, Hungary. He was very careful in protecting his discovery that the process of how he mixes carbon dioxide effectively into water remains a secret. Wine spritzers become popular in Europe a drink that was created with soda water and wine. Now there are different mixtures and ways to enjoy carbonated water.

Other development of carbonated water happened in 1771 Torbern Bergman a chemistry professor also invented another process in creating it independently. He wanted to reproduce water that is similar to natural spring water that he believe at that time will help improve his failing health. In 1822 Calcutta or also known as Kolkata now in India carbonated water was introduced. Carbonated water has come a long way and is now known for a number popular names which includes club soda, fizzy water, seltzer water and sparkling water. There are now a lot of carbonated drinks available in the market and people enjoy having them. Clubs and bars also use carbonated water or club soda to dilute strong drinks or create a good cocktail. And also because of its popularity there are some people that start to create their own carbonation setup at home to be able to produce a cheaper way of enjoying carbonated water. With the basic principle of making sure that water is chilled and carbon dioxide is mixed under high temperature.

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