Carbonated water can either occur naturally or created with the right tools. There are some places where water absorbs carbon dioxide naturally from the ground. Since CO2 is slightly soluble with water, with all the right condition, carbonated mineral water is created. Places like Mihalkovo in Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains, Medzitlija in Macedonia or Selters in Germany, where the seltzer water term came from. But thanks to science people can enjoy the taste of this special sparkling water without visiting those places. In fact the first carbonated water in the US was created because people want to copy the taste of natural mineral water. Now creating carbonated water is really easy that even private households can set-up their carbonation facility and enjoy this special mixture for a lesser price.
The only thing that is very important to know in creating the perfect carbonated water is to keep temperature low as possible and pressure high because this will maximize the solubility of gas to liquid. This will result to more carbon dioxide to mix with water. The resulting mixture will then create a carbonic acid and to neutralize it an alkaline salt must be added. Usually table salt would do or sodium bicarbonate. This will help increase the pH making the mixture less acidic. The secret is to make sure that water is chilled before mixing. Being able to reach a temperature that is slightly above the water's freezing point is the ideal condition to achieve maximum amount of carbon dioxide to mix with water. The bubbles or sparkle seen on carbonated water is due to the carbon dioxide escaping the water after condition is changed. This is the reason why most people burp after drinking a cold soda or other carbonated drink, because of the carbon dioxide. In order to make sure that the carbonated water stays carbonated the container must be sealed properly and it remains chilled.
There are a lot of different kinds of carbonated water available in the market today. There are some that are even from other countries. Carbonated water can either be enjoyed straight or mixed with a good drink. Some use fruit juice or other natural flavors. It is the main ingredient of all the famous carbonated drinks available in the market. Some cocktails are also created with sparkling water which is just another name for carbonated water. It is a popular diluent that can make strong drinks be enjoyed longer. During the Great Depression it is the cheapest drink to have in soda fountains. It is usually called two cents plain back then. Through time there are different names that this special mixture has been known for. To name a few there is club soda, sparkling water, fizzy water or soda water among many others. Some household that are able to create a good carbonated water can enjoy a liter for just under a penny. It is also a good form of investment or a possible business. There are people who would willingly buy unique carbonated drinks mixture as long as it tastes good.
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